Back to Parent Information

How we teach phonics at Richmond House School

At Richmond House School, we follow Floppy’s Phonics, a systematic synthetic phonics teaching programme that uses interactive resources and activities to teach children the sounds in words and the code (letters) used to represent them. Children will take part in daily phonics lessons, which will begin by revising previously taught sounds and codes before being taught the next new sound. They will use the Floppy’s Phonics Sound Books to look for words which contain this new sound and discuss the meaning of any new vocabulary. They will practise forming new code, reading words and sentences which contain it and complete spelling games too. This learning will transfer into their daily reading so children can apply and consolidate the new sound and code.

Click this link to see how we teach phonics and what resources we use as part of the Floppy’s Phonics programme.


Grapheme – The letter or letter group which is code for the sound.

Phoneme – The smallest identifiable sound of speech.

Blending – When reading a word, identify the graphemes in the word and say the corresponding sounds in order to hear the word as a whole. E.g. read sh – o – p = shop

Segmenting – When spelling a word, break it down into the sounds you hear and write the grapheme for each identified sound. E.g. say shop = writing sh – o – p

Decode – Breaking a word down into sounds to be able to read it.

Encode – Breaking a word down into sounds to be able to spell it.

Digraph – When two letters make one sound when they are together. E.g. boat

Trigraph – When three letters make one sound when they are together. E.g. night

Split digraph – When two letters that are “split” by having another letter in the middle of them. E.g.  a_e in game or i_e in tide.

Tricky words – These are common or high frequency words with unusual spelling rules which means they can’t be decoded easily. Children will learn to recognise these words by sight.


Floppy’s Phonics Online

As a school, we have a subscription to Floppy’s Phonics Online on Oxford Owl. You can help your child practise and consolidate their reading skills by using the Extra Practice Zone.

What is the Extra Practice Zone?

The Extra Practice Zone is an area on Floppy’s Phonics Online where your child can practise their phonics skills at home, with the help of an adult. It contains 42 interactive eBooks, each offering a range of activities that will help improve your child’s reading skills. Your child may have already practised some of these activities at school, either with the whole class or on their own.

How does my child access the Extra Practice Zone?

Your child’s teacher will tell you which eBook your child should access at home. Avoid completing eBooks that your child’s teacher has not recommended, as the eBooks are carefully designed to match your child’s progress so far.

  1. Go to
  2.  Click on the ‘Log in’ link (top right)
  3. Type in the class name and password that your child’s teacher has given your child, and click ‘Log in’.
  4. Click on the ‘Extra Practice Zone’ button.
  5. Use the ‘Year Groups’ dropdown menu to find your child’s year group, and the ‘Levels’ menu, then find the eBook that your child’s teacher has recommended.
  6. Click on the eBook to open it.
  7. Explore the eBook with your child, saying the sounds and listening to the audio, and completing the pop-up activities.

Other Useful Websites and Apps


Phonics Play
A site full of interactive games and resources to help children to learn to read

Oxford Owl videos
A selection of Oxford Owl videos that help parents to understand phonics and how to support their children

Free e-book library
Oxford Owl have over 100 free eBooks for children aged 3-11 years old.


Meet the Alphablocks!

Teach Your Monster to Read

Read with Phonics Games

Monster Phonics

 Year 1 and Year 2 Resources

High Frequency Words – Part 1
High Frequency Words – Part 2

Common Exception Words